Surgical and Non-surgical Toenail Removal for Nail Fungus
Nail fungus or onychomycosis is a prevalent disease of nails of the toes and fingers. It is found at that 6-8% of the adult population is affected with this kind of fungal infection. If left untreated, the condition worsens in which the nail becomes obvious and ugly to look at. The person with nail fungus will tend to hide them from other people’s sight to avoid ridicule and embarrassment. This disease will make a great impact to a patient’s physical and psychological aspect. Several medicines are available on the market that is effective on treating the fungal infection. However, if the infection is already aggravated, particularly like the nails on your toes, surgical and non-surgical toenail removal for nail fungus will be recommended by the doctor. This is a highly contagious disease and almost always reappears if not treated properly.
Signs and symptoms of nail fungus infection
At the onset of the disease, a small white or yellow mark appears under the point of the nail. As the disease progresses, the nail becomes disfigured and changes to grayish or yellowish hue. Most often, the patient feels itchiness or pain at the infected fingernail or toenail. The effects of the infected nails may vary since the fungus that is responsible for the infection has different types and classifications. Generally, the nail includes becomes rough, hard and easily breaks, thickened, deformed, dull-looking and becomes darker in color because of dead cells that accumulates under the infected nail. The nail will separate gradually from the nail base and a faint bad odor is detectable on the area. Consulting a skin specialist is the best thing to do upon noticing the first indication of nail fungus.
Nail fungus and its causes
The fungi that cause nail fungus infection are known as dermatophytes. These are minute organisms that can survive without sunlight. Usually, they thrived more on dark or hidden areas of the body but not most of the time. Fungi are not classified as bacteria but they are closely related. But, fungi like bacteria have also valuable uses and not making one ill or infected every time. Nail fungus are caused by many factors. Usually, this infection most likely occurs in the toenails than the fingernails. Since the feet are always covered with socks and shoes, fungi can easily multiply in this dark and warm place. Wearing tight-fitting leather shoes can aggravate the condition. Impeded blood flow on the area throughout the feet can hinder the body’s natural immune system to fight the nail fungus infection. According to researchers, aging is another reason why people develop this condition. Due to reduced hormone production of older people, cells production slows down. Hair and nails grows much slower than normal. The nails in particular will thicken and does not get enough blood supply. It will become susceptible to infections and fungi are very contagious. Walking barefoot in a public swimming pool or shower rooms can easily lead to nail fungus infection. Some skin diseases like athlete’s foot can also be a forerunner of the condition. Damaged nail due to injury, diabetes and other skin infections increases the risks in acquiring the disease. Having a fungal infection must not be taken for granted especially if you are diabetic. If you suffer even a slight injury to your feet or contracting a nail fungus infection can lead to more serious complications. A possibly life-threatening skin infection known as cellulites may ensue if proper medical treatment is not applied right away. It is advisable to go to the right medical expert to resolve the situation.
Several ways to treat nail fungus
As mentioned earlier, your doctor can help you in many ways to control or treat nail fungus infection. The skin specialist can prescribe over-the-counter skin treatment products in the form of topical cream or spray to improve your condition. Others may recommend oral antibiotics which provide faster and effective relief. Healing process and results may differ according to the severity of the infection for each patient. Getting rid of the symptoms completely can take much time, such as a year or longer. If the condition is much worse, surgical and non-surgical toenail removal for nail fungus may be the best option that your doctor will perform.
If you want confidential treatment, surgical removal of an infected toenail can be performed discreetly at several private clinics located all over the country. The infection can cause the skin at the nails to fold to the side, making it inflamed and painful. This is a condition called ingrown toenail which can hinder everyday activities. This condition can be certainly corrected through an operation. The surgical procedure is started by injecting the infected toe with anesthesia to the focal point. After the area gets numb, the ingrown nails are then cut and removed at both sides, relieving pressure on that part. For complete or total removal, in the case of advance fungus infection, the entire nail is cut out including the nail bed which leaves only the clean skin. This is considered a minor surgical operation and patients can go home after a few hours. A procedure such as this is the best way to prevent the infection from coming back especially if the entire nail is badly damaged by the nail fungus.
Non-surgical removal of the contaminated toe is altogether pain-free and treated with certain compounds. This operation simply zeroes on the damage portion leaving the wholesome segment behind. It is likewise practical to take away the complete nail if it is determined to be more advantageous. The doctor begins the treatment by applying carbamide ointment directly to the tainted nail exterior. It will be enclosed firmly with plastic and left alone for 7 to 10 days. During this time, precaution must be conducted to make the wrapped area as dry as possible. Once the right time arrives, the nail is already damped by the solution. The doctor will then continue to cut off the ruined portion or lift up the whole nail without so much effort.
Undergoing surgical and non-surgical toenail removal for nail fungus is guaranteed to completely remove all symptoms of fungus infection. Complications and side effects after the operation is uncommon. If you feel the need for this kind of treatment, seek the advice of a qualified professional.